This Mercator’s map of the arctic appeared first as a vignette in his 1569 world map atlas. The arctic had yet to be explored at the time Mercator created his map and is, therefore, based upon commonly held beliefs about the region. Mercator’s map inspired explorers like the Englishman Martin Frobisher to seek a northwest passage to China.
Both special relativity and Hohlwelttheorie destroy basic human assumptions: one successfully, the other unsuccessfully. Special relativity tells us that time and space are relative. Hohlwelttheorie tells us that we live inside the Earth. The rope that rescued special relativity is also the rope that hanged Hohlwelttheorie: Popper’s falsifiability criterion. Special relativity offers many possible falsifications, all of which have thus far survived experimental tests.
De Camp and Ley also claim that Sir John Leslie expanded on Euler’s idea, suggesting two central suns named Pluto and Proserpine (this was unrelated to the dwarf planet Pluto, which was discovered and named some time later). Leslie did propose a hollow Earth in his 1829 Elements of Natural Philosophy (pp. 449Ð453), but does not mention interior suns.
The lyrical concept of our first record, We Are Not Humanity, is entirely adopted (or in several cases directly lifted) from the writings of Daniel Quinn/the teachings of Ishmael. And though I’m sad to say that Daniel has passed away, his spirit lives on. If you haven’t done so, get your hands on a copy of Ishmael and/or The Story of B… Easily the most important books I’ve ever read in my life. RIP to one of the greatest minds of the last century.
Dizzy confusion was the feeling of late-19th century physics. Light from distant stars shows the same velocity relative to Earth, regardless of whether the Earth is moving towards or away from a particular star. To rescue physics, Einstein proposed that the speed of light is the same everywhere for all observers. Whether you move towards a laser beam or away from it, its light approaches you with the same relative speed.
Though Symmes himself never wrote a book about his ideas, several authors’ published works discussing his ideas. McBride wrote Symmes’ Theory of Concentric Spheres in 1826. It appears that Reynolds has an article that appeared as a separate booklet in 1827: Remarks of Symmes’ Theory Which Appeared in the American Quarterly Review. In 1868, a professor W.F. Lyons published The Hollow Globe which put forth a Symmes-like Hollow Earth hypothesis, but failed to mention Symmes himself. Symmes’s son Americus then published The Symmes’ Theory of Concentric Spheres in 1878 to set the record straight.
In 1846 the discovery of an extinct woolly mammoth frozen in ice in Siberia was used by Marshall Gardner as evidence of a hollow earth. Gardner subscribed to the single-sun-inside-the-earth theory and suggested that the mammoth was so well-preserved because it had died recently. Gardner thought that mammoths and other extinct creatures wandered freely in the interior of the earth. This one had wandered outside by using the hole at the North Pole, then was frozen and carried to Siberia on an ice flow.
Remember, objects moving near the speed of light contract in their direction of movement. And who’s to say that the particle is not actually at rest while the Earth moves towards it? Yes, it’s all there in the physics. Earth moves towards the particle at nearly the speed of light and is immensely contracted in its direction of movement. As Stevens puts it in the video:
As time has gone on the idea of a hollow-earth has become less a theory of fringe science and more a subject of science fiction and fantasy. Perhaps this has happened because new discoveries continue to show there is no validity to most of the hollow-earth ideas. United States Navy Admiral Richard Byrd flew across the North Pole in 1926 and the South Pole in 1929 without seeing any holes leading to inner-earth. Photographs taken by astronauts in space show no entrances either. Modern geology indicates the Earth is mostly a solid mass.
In 2005, Steven Currey Expeditions planned an expedition to the North Pole region to explore for a possible opening into the inner Earth. Brooks A. Agnew took over as leader on Currey’s death in 2006, with the plan of taking 100 scientists and film makers to the supposed Arctic “opening” in 2009.
De Camp and Ley also claim that Sir John Leslie expanded on Euler’s idea, suggesting two central suns named Pluto and Proserpine (this was unrelated to the planet Pluto, which was discovered and named a century later). Leslie did propose a hollow Earth in his 1829 Elements of Natural Philosophy (pp. 449–53), but does not mention interior suns. Jules Verne alludes to the Pluto-Proserpine theory, which he attributes to “an English captain,” in Journey to the Center of the Earth.
— Titan, one of Saturn’s largest moon’s, one of the few moon’s in the solar system to have a significant atmosphere, has an interesting upwelling of bright clouds at its south pole. NASA scientists speculate that it may be associated with a feature on the ground which causes wind with moisture raising up into the atmosphere and then condensing out into clouds. One image of Titan’s south pole seems to indicate these bright bubbling clouds are lighted from beneath.
Novelist Lobsang Rampa in his book The Cave of the Ancients said an underground chamber system exists beneath the Himalayas of Tibet, filled with ancient machinery, records and treasure. Michael Grumley, a cryptozoologist, has linked Bigfoot and other hominid cryptids to ancient tunnel systems underground.
Halley also suggested that the interior of the Earth was populated with life and lit by a luminous atmosphere. He thought the aurora borealis, or northern lights, was caused by the escape of this gas through a thin crust at the poles.
In my Chapters Paradise — Found! and The City of Enoch — Found!, I present evidence that the place where the spirits of all go at death is not the moon, but the Inner Sun of Earth — after passing through a dark tunnel through the earth’s shell. After a brief preliminary judgment by Christ (this is not the last and final judgment), the righteous are accepted into Paradise (the Inner Sun), and the wicked are cast out into Hell, often called “Outer Darkness” in scripture, in the earth’s shell to await the resurrection. Of course, the resurrection of all men negates any validity of the reincarnation theory that John also seems to accept. The previous lives that some people “remember” are actually just their pre-existent spirit life in Heaven or their visit to earth as a spirit being years before being born.
The belief in a hollow Earth had some adherents in Nazi Germany. There is even a legend that says that Hitler and his chief advisers escaped the last days of the Third Reich by going through the opening at the South Pole.
10/27/2014. In Clark B. Hinckley’s excellent book, Christopher Columbus, A Man Among the Gentiles, Clark discusses that among Columbus’ reasons for sailing west in search of the Indies was the possibility of discovering the lost Garden of Eden. Columbus was well read and knew that the writers of that era believed the Terrestrial Paradise, or Garden of Eden was on a high mountain. In John Mandeville’s book, Travels, he wrote, “The Earthly Paradise, so men say, is the highest land on earth…In the middle of Paradise is a spring from which come four rivers…”. Dante recounted the belief that the Garden of Eden was located at the edge of the East, and at the highest point of the globe. So when Columbus found a river coming out of the South American continent with such volume that it issued fresh water far out into the Caribbean Sea, he concluded that it must originate from an unknown continent with a high mountain that must be the location for the Garden of Eden.
Further investigation, however, suggested a rather more prosaic answer. Thompson’s book, Cosmic Manuscript, is still available to buy on the internet. Among all the five-star reviews (“I am a doctor who has read thousands of books, and Cosmic Manuscript is in a class of it’s own”; “I consider there are no accidents. This book came to me instead of me searching for it”; “I LOVE this Cosmic Manuscript”) there’s a solitary one-star review.
The Egyptian mathematician Mostafa Abdelkader authored several scholarly papers working out a detailed mapping of the concave Earth model. See M. Abdelkader, “A Geocosmos: Mapping Outer Space Into a Hollow Earth,” 6 Speculations in Science & Technology 81-89 (1983). Abstracts of two of Abdelkader’s papers also appeared in Notices of the American Mathematical Society, (Oct. 1981 and Feb. 1982).
Case in point: take two synchronised atomic clocks with nanosecond precision; keep one on the ground and fly the other on a jet around the world twice. Special relativity says their times will diverge – and indeed, they do. Any other outcome would have been game over for Einstein. Such accessibility to experimentation is precisely what keeps special relativity afloat. Using intuition as a handrail, one might behold Einstein’s model and see madness. Using science, one sees reason.
Byrd’s controversial diary on Operation HighJump, now allegedly missing, tells of his plane being greeted by “flying machines,” a type he had never seen before. They conveyed to him that he had been allowed to enter “Agharta” (the most celebrated city in the hollow Earth) because of his high moral and ethical character. They had decided that it was time to make greater contact with the outside world to make sure we didn’t destroy this planet and their civilization with it. Eventually Admiral Byrd and his crew were guided by their hosts back to the outer world, their lives forever changed.
An early attempt to model most features of planetary motion was developed by the Ancient Greek astronomer Eudoxus of Cnidus, and described by the philosopher Aristotle. In this model, an intricate system of 27 crystalline spheres encircling Earth explained the motions of the heavens, including the retrograde motions of the planets. Later, a different model by Hipparchus of Nicaea invoked a series of planetary orbits around Earth. The first orbit – called a deferent – was a perfect circle around the Earth, while the second orbit – called an epicycle – moved along the circumference of the deferent. Hipparchus’ contribution was immortalised for centuries in the work of the Egyptian astronomer, mathematician and geographer Ptolemy of Alexandria, who tweaked the concept into something so enduring that questioning it was nothing short of blasphemy. Just ask Galileo, who was persecuted for this heresy by the Inquisition in the 17th century.
It’s just as the man said (“the man” being Dillon Ethier); this is some “long-form retro leaning instrumental prog rock” shit right here! Now, hear me out, if you like this, make sure you check out Mahogany Frog’s album ‘VS Mabus’ — Trust me! You’ll thank me later! Found this on Steven Effren’s page. Christopher Moklebust
In the nucleus of all atoms, my theory of gravity states that the spinning nature of nuclei particles creates a vacuum in the ether causing all surrounding ether to accelerate into fill that vacuum in the nucleus of all atoms. The acceleration of the ether into fill the vacuum in the ether in the nucleus of all atoms is what gives the effect of gravity — it is a push by the ether accelerating into the vacuum in the nucleus of all atoms. The Gravitation Constant means, therefore, that for every gram of matter in the universe, an acceleration in the ether of space is generated to the value of 6.67259 x 10-8 centimeters per second squared towards the center of that gram of mass. As the ether accelerates towards the centers of each atom, the ether exerts a pressure force we call gravity.
Regardless of where it originated, the model of a Hollow Earth managed to grow and survive. In 1818, John Cleves Symmes, Jr. published his Circular No. 1, declaring to the world that the Earth is hollow. Symmes, a veteran of the War of 1812 and unsuccessful trader, soon became maybe the most famous and successful proponent of the Hollow Earth theory. His initial vision of the Earth’s interior was like a simplified version of Halley’s multi-layered model, with the exception that Symmes’ version included huge holes at the North and South poles which allowed access to the hidden world inside. These holes, his unique addition to Hollow Earth theory, would even come to be known as “Symmes Holes.”
“My conception of the Hollow Earth, based on my research is that the shell of the Earth is about 800 miles thick, from the outside to the inner surface,” says Rodney Cluff, author of World Top Secret: Our Earth IS Hollow. He went even further in our phone conversation: half the planet is taken up by surface weight, and then there’s empty space, and then, something else. “Suspended in the center of that hollow is an interior sun that is divided by day and night sides,” he says, “The other part of the Hollow Earth theory is that near the North and South pole are substantial openings that lead into the interior.”
Other pre-20th century examples include Giacomo Casanova’s 1788 Icosameron, a 5-volume, 1,800-page story of a brother and sister who fall into the Earth and discover the subterranean utopia of the Megamicres, a race of multicolored, hermaphroditic dwarfs; Symzonia: A Voyage of Discovery by a “Captain Adam Seaborn” (1820) which reflected the ideas of John Cleves Symmes, Jr. and some have claimed Symmes as the real author; Edgar Allan Poe’s 1838 novel The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket; and George Sand’s 1884 novel Laura, Voyage dans le Cristal where unseen and giant crystals could be found in the interior of the Earth.
We discussed Operation High Jump that went to Antarctica in the latter half of 1946 and returned in the first two months of 1947. It consisted of 4,700 men, an aircraft carrier, a submarine, a destroyer, and some icebreaker ships led by Admiral Richard E. Byrd to the Antarctic to investigate where the hundreds of thousands of Germans escaped to at the end of World War II. Secretary of Defense Forrestal wanted to tell the people what we were up to in Antarctica, but the world controllers didn’t and had him fired as Secretary of Defense and later thrown out of the 16th floor of the Bethesda Navy Hospital in Maryland. The Russians were spying on us to see what would happen and at one point filmed flying saucers coming up out of the Antarctic Ocean. You can watch the documentary on my Other Links page near the bottom. Our fleet sent up airplanes from the aircraft carrier but they were shot down by laser beams from the flying saucers. The destroyer caught fire and some lives were lost in the fight before the saucers dove back under the waves. The Hollow Earth Nation felt threatened and responded in defense of their country.
He toured the US with a handmade wooden globe that opened out to reveal its secret layers. Converts, in ever increasing numbers, began petitioning the government to finance his adventures. On March 7 1822 Senator Richard Thompson presented a case to Congress that Symmes be supplied with “the equipment of two vessels of 250 to 300 tons for the expedition, and the granting of such other aid as Government may deem requisite”.
Marcelo Martorelli’s book on the Hollow Earth and our expedition is out in French, titled, The Planetary Call, available at Amazon.com. Marcelo was the host of our Voyage to Our Hollow Earth Expedition conference in Argentina in May 2004.
— Several images beamed back to earth from the Cassini space probe to Saturn show interesting anomalies that could be indications of hollow planets. For instance, look at what NASA calls a “sharply defined circular feature” at Saturn’s south pole.
“Explore a desolate world filled with strange aliens, bizarre creatures, and ancient artifacts buried beneath its shifting sands. Discover xenophobic nomads roaming the wastelands, sky pirates prowling the air in their great flying vessels, and power-hungry warlords fighting over dwindling resources. Take shelter within one of the great walled city-states, and rub shoulders with haughty nobles, devout priests, and greedy merchants who plot and scheme therein.”
Using a large telescope located in Chile, scientists have discovered a “hot spot” on Saturn’s south pole. It is about 10 degrees warmer than elsewhere on the planet as seen from the telescope. This is exactly what we would expect if Saturn has a south polar opening from which warm air is emanating from it’s hollow interior warmed by an inner sun. Actually, the same thing has been observed on other planets, including Jupiter and even Earth.
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Yet many arbitrary claims are unfalsifiable. A child’s claim that Santa Claus exists yet cannot be seen by any camera or scientific instrument is just that – unfalsifiable and thus untestable. Intellectually speaking, this is less like wearing a shield and more like wearing a millstone. Santa Claus, like Mars, is just a model – but one that cannot be refuted or retained.
And perhaps Nietzsche was wrong – there could be something more fundamental than interpretations. After all, for theories of gravitation to exist in the first place, there must be something that needs explaining. Even a complete and utter denial of gravitation in any of its various formulations – Newtonian, relativistic, emergent – would admit that there is something we observe that might only be an illusion. Nothing can undermine the fundamental fact that there is a basic observation called gravity that needs explaining. All interpretations diverge from this observation, rooted in the shared experience of human beings.