Although not visually observable, the core of the Earth is observable via vibrations (primarily from earthquakes) passing from one side of the planet to the other. Using this method, geologists have been able to establish the structure of mantle, outer core, and inner core known today. A hollow earth would behave entirely differently in terms of seismic observations.
Commander Green of the US Navy in 1923 at the time the article was published in Popular Science sincerely believed they would soon find a large lost arctic continent to which this Viking colony may have migrated, which studies of Arctic ocean tides and currents indicated exists. The Navy even outfitted a dirigible named the ZR-1 to search out this hidden land, but unfortunately it crashed!
Most hollow earth writers, even including Newton collaborator Edmund Halley, seem sublimely ignorant of a fact Newton demonstrated in his work on gravity. Inside a uniform hollow shell, no net gravitational force exists on a test mass placed at any point. Any object inside a hollow planet of uniform thickness would drift at constant velocity until it ran into the shell. If the planet were of non-uniform thickness, the object would accelerate toward the thickest region. So much for suns and moons inside the hollow earth, or sets of concentric shells. Of course we know today from the propagation of compression waves through the earth, pretty much what its internal composition is. Even the huge networks of caves imagined by early writers like Kircher can’t exist.
Another set of scientific arguments against a Hollow Earth or any hollow planet comes from gravity. Massive objects tend to clump together gravitationally, creating non-hollow spherical objects such as stars and planets. The solid sphere is the best way in which to minimize the gravitational potential energy of a physical object; having hollowness is unfavorable in the energetic sense. In addition, ordinary matter is not strong enough to support a hollow shape of planetary size against the force of gravity; a planet-sized hollow shell with the known, observed thickness of the Earth’s crust would not be able to achieve hydrostatic equilibrium with its own mass and would collapse.
6/15/2012. Our expedition leader, Dr. Brooks Agnew announced on Coast to Coast AM with George Noory on June 13 that our North Pole Inner Earth Expedition has now been funded and is schedule to depart Murmansk, Russia to the North Pole in July 2013.
George Papashvily in his Anything Can Happen (1940) claimed the discovery in the Caucasus mountains of a cavern containing human skeletons “with heads as big as bushel baskets” and an ancient tunnel leading to the centre of the Earth. One man entered the tunnel and never returned.
Further investigation, however, suggested a rather more prosaic answer. Thompson’s book, Cosmic Manuscript, is still available to buy on the internet. Among all the five-star reviews (“I am a doctor who has read thousands of books, and Cosmic Manuscript is in a class of it’s own”; “I consider there are no accidents. This book came to me instead of me searching for it”; “I LOVE this Cosmic Manuscript”) there’s a solitary one-star review.
Operation High Jump was to last for six months into 1947, but it was cut short and returned to the United States in February. Admiral Byrd was interviewed by the Chilean El Mercurio newspaper on March 5, 1947,
Just picked up the new paperback version. I love it. I would like to see an updated PDF to reflect any changes made for the new edition, preferably one that doesn’t cost more than the dead tree version.
The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, a 19th-century forerunner of postmodernism, wrote: ‘There are no facts, only interpretations.’ But even this is an interpretation. What Nietzsche really wrote was: ‘Es gibt keine Tatsachen, sondern nur Interpretationen.’ And this, still, is an interpretation of ink patterns on a piece of paper.
The idea of a hollow Earth is a common element of fiction, appearing as early as Ludvig Holberg’s 1741 novel Nicolai Klimii iter subterraneum (Niels Klim’s Underground Travels), in which Nicolai Klim falls through a cave while spelunking and spends several years living on a smaller globe both within and the inside of the outer shell.
Fascinating, and it DOES exist in the physical dimension. Corey Goode recently discussed this with David Wilcock on the Cosmic Disclosure TV series. I’ve followed this for many years. The Inner Earth folks are waiting for us to wise up and rise up with sufficient heart coherence for civil relationships. That means ending the secret corporatocracy cabal whose time is short and hubris is great, trying another false-flag fiasco in Belgium which has been exposed thoroughly on the Internet already. It is only boob-tube Americans who don’t know what global netizens have discovered… as I recently reported at http://www.heartcom.org/ASCEND.htm
I just had to ask him what airline flew him here? He smiled patiently, told me there were entry and exit points in outer Earth, and some day I would know and understand about his world. Was it some type of prophesy? Frankly, I didn’t know what to make of it until years later when I came across information on this very subject.
In my Chapters Paradise — Found! and The City of Enoch — Found!, I present evidence that the place where the spirits of all go at death is not the moon, but the Inner Sun of Earth — after passing through a dark tunnel through the earth’s shell. After a brief preliminary judgment by Christ (this is not the last and final judgment), the righteous are accepted into Paradise (the Inner Sun), and the wicked are cast out into Hell, often called “Outer Darkness” in scripture, in the earth’s shell to await the resurrection. Of course, the resurrection of all men negates any validity of the reincarnation theory that John also seems to accept. The previous lives that some people “remember” are actually just their pre-existent spirit life in Heaven or their visit to earth as a spirit being years before being born.
The flying saucer people told Larry that their capital city is on their southern hemisphere. In fact, it is located 800 miles beneath Jackson County, Missouri. Their capital city is the City of Eden, built next to the original Garden of Eden, where Olaf Jansen found it in 1830 when he sailed there with his father “beyond the north wind” through the north polar opening, into the interior of our hollow earth where “the chosen people” live. They explained to Olaf that the garden he was taken to inside Our Hollow Earth was none other than the “navel of the earth,” and “the cradle of the human race,” and is called “Eden” and is located on the highest mountain plateau of the inner continent on their southern hemisphere. Since the directions of the compass are reverse of what they are on our surface world, our south pole is their north pole, then their southern hemisphere is beneath our northern hemisphere, and their capital city is beneath North America. The coordinates the saucermen gave Larry for their capital city were: South South West 1/4 9′ 3″ 10 sid, according to their coordinate system.
Cyrus Teed, an eccentric doctor from upstate New York, proposed such a concave hollow Earth in 1869, calling his scheme “Cellular Cosmogony”. Teed founded a cult called the Koreshan Unity based on this notion, which he called Koreshanity. The main colony survives as a preserved Florida state historic site, at Estero, but all of Teed’s followers have now died. Teed’s followers claimed to have experimentally verified the concavity of the Earth’s curvature, through surveys of the Florida coastline making use of “rectilineator” equipment.
In ancient times, the idea of subterranean realms seemed arguable, and became intertwined with the concept of “places” such as the Greek Hades, the Nordic svartalfheim, the Christian Hell, and the Jewish Sheol (with details describing inner Earth in Kabalistic literature, such as the Zohar and Hesed L’Avraham).
Bernard seems to have accepted every legend ever associated with the hollow Earth idea, including the notions that the Eskimos originated within the Earth and an advanced civilization dwells within even now, revving up their UFOs for occasional forays into thin air. Bernard even accepts without question Shaver’s claim that he learned the secret of relativity before Einstein from the Hollow Earth people.
Perhaps most incredibly, Thompson revealed he’d secured funding to travel to the hole with a helicopter backpack called a SoloTrek, which he’d use to descend into it. He even had a date for the trip: May 24 2003.
Eventually, I find a phone number that must surely belong to our man. He lives in Bakersfield. His name is Steven D Thompson. His age, estimated by a records database, is quoted as between 40 and 44. Right place, right name, right age. Excited, I ring the number. It’s disconnected.
— a former senior aerospace executive – a person who has been aware since the 1970s that the Ballistic Missile Defense Program would be used to target extraterrestrial objects in space – even though there is no evidence of any credible threat from these craft – has joined Project Disclosure of CSETI, The Center for the Study of Extraterrestrial Intelligence.
As I studied gravity further, I came to the conclusion that gravity is NOT a pull by matter, but actually is a push towards matter from space. Although matter causes the acceleration of gravity, what is accelerating into matter is the ether of space. Orthodox science rejects the existence of the ether of space, based, they claim, on the Michelson-Morley experiment performed in 1887. But the Michelson-Morley experiment did not give a null value for the existence of the ether. They just claimed it was in the range of error. They performed the experiment in a basement with heavy concrete walls that helped to shield the ether. Also, their experiment was performed parallel to the surface of the earth, so that any ether accelerating into the earth as gravity would have very little effect on the experimental results. In the appendix of my paper, I include the gyro-drop experiment performed in 1977 at the National Institutes of Health by Kenneth Gerber in which a spinning 7.23 lb gyroscope was found to fall .333% faster than when it was not spinning. I attribute the faster fall of a spinning gyroscope to the spin facilitating the passage of the gyroscope through the ether and the non-spinning gyroscope as impeding its passage through the ether. Perhaps that is why all bodies in space are rotating. Their rotation facilitates their passage through the ether of space.
Modern belief in the Hollow Earth theory can be a bit hard to pin down, encompassing such disparate subjects as the Northern Lights and even an escaping Hitler (“The Germans did make it to Hollow Earth. They made a deal with the people in the Hollow Earth.”). The largest proponents of the theory seem to be singular thinkers like Cluff, who often have their own spin on the hypothesis, or hold up what they consider to be the true evidence. Despite the variations a few themes do seem to be common among Hollow Earth truthers.
1/1/2012. Ken Johnston, former NASA photo lab manager, was on Coast to Coast AM with George Knapp this past December 25, 2011. Ken described how he was asked by his superiors to show some men a video taken by the Apollo 11 command module as it orbited behind the moon. In the video they saw a crater that had an alien base with domes and towers with interior lighting coming from them indicating they were in use. This alien base on the far side of the moon was visited in the 50’s by Howard Menger, whom my wife and I met at the 1991 UFO conference here in Phoenix, Arizona. I bought Menger’s book, The High Bridge Incident, The Story Behind the Story where he described how he was befriended by people that look just like earthlings from Venus, and he at one time convinced them to take him to the moon. The trip took about one week, because they were decompressing their spacecraft on the way to the moon, so that they could breathe without spacesuits on the lunar surface. They landed on the far side of the moon, the side that never is seen from earth, at an alien base he said had domes and towers, where he met people from all the planets in our solar system. Howard was even taken on a tour of the far side of the moon in a train ride, and at one point stopped to look at a spacecraft that had landed on the moon, and the astronaut had gotten out on the moon’s surface where he died, apparently not having decompressed enough to breath the thin air on the moon.
In May, 2007, a baby mammoth was found on the Yamal peninsula of Russia. This peninsula is the closest land to my estimate of the location of the North Polar Opening that leads into inner earth. The Norwegian fisherman, Olaf Jansen, in his book, The Smoky God, claimed that these mammoths live today on the inner continent, and that in winter, some wander near the frozen river mouths and fall into crevasses in the ice and are instantly frozen. Come summer when our outer sun shines through the polar opening, these rivers thaw out and the icebergs are pushed out to sea with their frozen carcasses. These later drift up on the Siberian shores.
7/4/2017. On May 31st I was interviewed by some Frenchmen that are doing a video documentary on the significance of the year 1947. One of them, Marc Gray, could speak English. They wanted to know what I thought about the year 1947 as a turning point in history from the Hollow Earth point of view.
Though Symmes himself never wrote a book about his ideas, several authors’ published works discussing his ideas. McBride wrote Symmes’ Theory of Concentric Spheres in 1826. It appears that Reynolds has an article that appeared as a separate booklet in 1827: Remarks of Symmes’ Theory Which Appeared in the American Quarterly Review. In 1868, a professor W.F. Lyons published The Hollow Globe which put forth a Symmes-like Hollow Earth hypothesis, but failed to mention Symmes himself. Symmes’s son Americus then published The Symmes’ Theory of Concentric Spheres in 1878 to set the record straight.
Marshall Gardner wrote A Journey to the Earth’s Interior in 1913 and published an expanded edition in 1920. He placed an interior sun in the Earth and built a working model of the Hollow Earth which he patented (U.S. Patent 1,096,102). Gardner made no mention of Reed, but did criticize Symmes for his ideas. Around the same time, Vladimir Obruchev wrote a novel titled Plutonia, in which the Hollow Earth possessed an inner Sun and was inhabited by prehistoric species. The interior was connected with the surface by an opening in the Arctic.
A book by a “Dr. Raymond Bernard” which appeared in 1964, The Hollow Earth, exemplifies the idea of UFOs coming from inside the earth, and adds the idea that the Ring Nebula proves the existence of hollow worlds, as well as speculation on the fate of Atlantis and the origin of flying saucers. An article by Martin Gardner revealed that Walter Siegmeister used the pseudonym “Bernard”, but not until the 1989 publishing of Walter Kafton-Minkel’s Subterranean Worlds: 100,000 Years of Dragons, Dwarfs, the Dead, Lost Races & UFOs from Inside the Earth did the full story of Bernard/Siegmeister become well known.
Le Clerc Milfort in 1781 led a journey with hundreds of Creek Indians to a series of caverns near the Red River above the junction of the Mississippi river. According to Milfort the original Creek Indian ancestors are believed to have emerged out to the surface of the Earth in ancient times from the caverns. Milfort also claimed the caverns they saw “could easily contain 15,000 – 20,000 families.”
Dr. Agnew’s interest in space exploration inspired him with friends at JPL, NASA, and Hughs. He entered the Air Force in 1973, where he graduated top in his class in electronics engineering & later graduated with honors in Chemistry from TN Tech. As a physicist, he is probably one of the most experienced pioneers of ground probing radar technology in the world. This technology is currently utilized in the Mars Express program. He has authored thousands of technical, scientific, papers, booklets, & documentaries.
Confirming my conclusion that the Sun has a solid surface is the scientific work of Michael Mozina. Check out his website at http://www.TheSurfaceOfTheSun.com. The evidence he presents is incontrovertible. This surely means that the Sun is hollow because it could not be solid all the way through. It does not have enough mass for that. My calculations are that if the Sun is hollow with a shell thickness 10% of its diameter, it would have a shell density of 2.86, which is the density of glass with a few impurities. The scriptures indicate that the Sun is a giant crystal ball. Perhaps, soon science will confirm that the Sun is also hollow, with polar openings and a solid core that rotates at a different rate than it’s shell thus producing the observed strong electro-magnetic field that the Sun has. Watch this video of a sun-quake causing a tsunami where you can see the waves pass over a mountain peak on the solid surface of the sun.
After all his years in contact with the Venusians, Howard Menger also came to the conclusion that the ether of space exists and can be controlled with electrostatic forces, which he used to build a model flying saucer, and later helped a special government and industry sponsored team in Colorado Springs to build a 3 man size flying saucer. In his book, the HIGH BRIDGE INCIDENT – The Story Behind the Story, Howard Menger includes several illustration pages showing that gravity is a push from space and that the ocean tides rise because the moon comes up and shields the inflowing ether into the earth allowing the tides to rise while everywhere else the inflowing ether pushes the surface of the ocean down. The ether of space flows into the Sun, and electromagnetic energy flows out in a continuous cycle. The same happens on earth, but to a lesser extent. As the ether accelerates into the earth it causes a pressure that gives the effect of gravity keeping our feet firmly planted on the surface. The same happens on the inner surface of our hollow earth. Ether flowing into the inner surface keeps the inner earth inhabitant’s feet firmly planted on the inner surface — not floating around in zero gravity as the text books claim. Ether flowing into the sides of the polar openings keep the Arctic ocean surface attached to the sides of the opening, which allowed explorer Olaf Jansen to sail his little fishing boat through leads in the ice through the North Polar Opening in 1829 and Admiral Richard E. Byrd to fly his airplane through the polar opening in 1947 when he visited the people of the hollow earth.
Before the voyage, they chartered a plane to fly over the pole to locate the opening. “We were going to leave in August 2006. But in April of that year, Steve found out he had six inoperable brain tumours. Just before we were ready to fly, he died.”
According to Shaver, the Dero, live there still, using the fantastic machines abandoned by the ancient races to torment those of us living on the surface. As one characteristic of this torment, Shaver described “voices” that purportedly came from no explainable source. Thousands of readers wrote to affirm that they, too, had heard the fiendish voices from inside the Earth.
In Native American mythology, it is said that the ancestors of the Mandan people in ancient times emerged from a subterranean land through a cave at the north side of the Missouri River. There is also a tale about a tunnel in the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in Arizona near Cedar Creek which is said to lead inside the Earth to a land inhabited by a mysterious tribe. It is also the belief of the tribes of the Iroquois that their ancient ancestors emerged from a subterranean world inside the Earth. The elders of the Hopi people believe that a Sipapu entrance in the Grand Canyon exists which leads to the underworld.
Drilling holes does not provide direct evidence against the hypothesis. The deepest hole drilled to date is the Kola Superdeep Borehole, with a true vertical drill-depth of more than 7.5 miles (12 kilometers). However, the distance to the center of the Earth is nearly 4,000 miles (6,400 kilometers). Oil wells with longer depths are not vertical wells; the total depths quoted are measured depth (MD) or equivalently, along-hole depth (AHD) as these wells are deviated to horizontal. Their true vertical depth (TVD) are typically less than 4000 m.
It might have sounded promising in the planning stages, but the final result is pretty much a flop. The idea would have been to trace the delusion of the hollowness of the earth through early science, 19th Century pseudoscience, and 19th and 20th Century literature and films. But this design leads to a book that is about half plot-summaries, written in a snarky and laboriously unfunny tone.