hollow earth agharta |

Byrd attended the Virginia Military Institute for two years and spent one year at the University of Virginia before financial circumstances inspired his transfer to the United States Naval Academy, where he was appointed Midshipman on May 28, 1908. While at the Academy, he severely injured his right ankle while performing a gymnastics routine. While he was able to graduate from the Academy, the injured ankle was the reason for his medical retirement from the Navy in 1916. He was an initiate of the Beta Commission of the Kappa Alpha Order while at VMI.
At the age of 12, while walking through a field of corn with another friend I had a paranormal experience. I was taken into a UFO vehicle and transported into the Inner Earth. Here, I lived for 6 months among the Hollow Earth residents.
Events will start happening fast now, as time is speeding up even faster as world karma is playing itself out. Just ride with the tide and know you are safe wherever you are. You are all being directed and guided from within, and you are all being provided for. What you witness through your media is only a “play”, a drama that they want you to believe is real, just because the actors are real. But the actors are just “playing out their part” in the world’s drama, and this is the biggest “hit” yet of the new Millennium, playing on your TV and movie theater screens everywhere. Just turn the knob off, go within yourself, and feel and focus on World Peace. Peace is the real movie, and the only “reel” to watch.
Olaf Jansen and his father were Norwegian fishermen in the 1800’s who, according to their religious mythologies of Odin and Thor, believed in a land “beyond the North wind” that is populated by a race of giants and is ever green and lush.
Brazilian Indians, who live alongside the Parima River in Brazil, claim that their forefathers emerged in ancient times from an underground land, and that many of their ancestors still remained inside the Earth. Ancestors of the Inca supposedly came from underground caves which are located east of Cuzco, Peru.[19]
First, Nansen discovered a substantial stretch of open ocean north of the New Siberian Islands that continues to this very day, see http://www.ourhollowearth.com/EarthImage.jpg from the Earth Imaging website at http://livingearth.com/.  In contrast, in his passage north of Norway and Russia to the New Siberian Islands, he had to stay close to the coast to get past the ice.  And yet, on their way north of the New Siberian Islands, in September of 1893, they didn’t find ice until 79 degrees N. Latitude.  Only after 7 days sailing north over rolling open ocean did they reach the pack ice north of the New Siberian Islands.
After many narrow escapes, we arrived at Spitzbergen on the 23rd of June, and anchored at Wijade Bay for a short time, where we were quite successful in our catches. We then lifted anchor and sailed through the Hinlopen Strait, and coasted along the North-East-Land.
The negative anomalies over the polar openings are so great that the U.S. has lost satellites over them. In the early 1960’s when the U.S. was trying to put its first satellites into polar orbit, they kept losing them over the Arctic up near the pole until they decided to put them into orbit on either side of the polar opening. When they tried to send their satellites over the polar opening, several satellite cones were lost because they followed the earth’s curvature into the earth’s hollow interior where they crashed. (SECRET OF THE AGES, p. 130)
Because the mathematical inversion used by Abdelkader can be applied to any sphere, the Earth is a subset of all spherical objects in the Universe, and only one inverted sphere can logically contain the Universe and all its other spheres, the very specific claim that Earth is the Universe-container (and not the Moon, or Mars, or your favourite star) is even less likely to be true than the general premise that the Universe is contained inside a sphere. When we count the number n of all such bodies that might exist in the Universe, the probability that Earth is the Universe-container is 1/n. As there are at least 1024 such spherical bodies in the Universe, the probability that Earth fills the privileged role of Universe-container is less than 1/1024. This is like tossing 80 coins and having them all come up as heads.
The winds were constantly blowing south, that is, they were blowing from the northern opening of the Earth toward that which we knew to be south, but which, according to our compass’s pointing finger, was directly north.
Other pre-20th century examples include Giacomo Casanova’s 1788 Icosameron, a 5-volume, 1,800-page story of a brother and sister who fall into the Earth and discover the subterranean utopia of the Megamicres, a race of multicolored, hermaphroditic dwarfs; Symzonia: A Voyage of Discovery by a “Captain Adam Seaborn” (1820) which reflected the ideas of John Cleves Symmes, Jr. and some have claimed Symmes as the real author; Edgar Allan Poe’s 1838 novel The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket; and George Sand’s 1884 novel Laura, Voyage dans le Cristal where unseen and giant crystals could be found in the interior of the Earth.
“Yes,” the Master replies with a smile, “you are in the domain of the Arianni, the Inner World of the Earth. We shall not long delay your mission, and you will be safely escorted back to the surface and for a distance beyond. But now, Admiral, I shall tell you why you have been summoned here. Our interest rightly begins just after your race exploded the first atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. It was at that alarming time we sent our flying machines, the “Flugelrads”, to your surface world to investigate what your race had done. That is, of course, past history now, my dear Admiral, but I must continue on. You see, we have never interfered before in your race’s wars, and barbarity, but now we must, for you have learned to tamper with a certain power that is not for Man, namely, that of atomic energy. Our emissaries have already delivered messages to the powers of your world, and yet they do not heed. Now you have been chosen to be witness here that our world does exist. You see, our Culture and Science is many thousands of years beyond your race, Admiral.”
Then in verse 9, the first action on the 3rd Day of Creation was to create the Inner Continent:  Genesis 1:9 “And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
Earthquake waves behave differently when they encounter material in different states. This is the best way modern scientists can conjure up some type of structure for inner Earth. Saying the Earth is hollow does not necessarily mean there is no land mass! Seismic waves go through liquid,  and go through solids. Wether they do or don’t determine our map of inner Earth. (15)(0)(4). This is why I state we have very weak evidence for the structure of the Earth’s interior. It’s almost as if we have more evidence for the hollow Earth theory.
Deuteronomy 30:4 calls the land of Our Hollow Earth, the “outmost parts of heaven” where the Lost Tribes of Israel were driven to.  The prophet Isaiah wrote that in the last days God would “…set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.”  (Isaiah 11:12) The four corners of the Earth is the Garden of Eden, where out of flows four rivers to the four cardinal points of the compass.
This scriptural passage is referring to the 3rd day of Creation, when God caused the first original continent to emerge from the waters that covered the surface of the earth.  But it was the inner surface of our hollow planet God is talking about.
There are passageways that lead to the inside of the earth. There is photographic evidence from satellites (which is not revealed to the public) that both poles have huge holes. The hollow formation is often the cause of mysterious sounds during earth-quakes, like that of the blowing of horns or the echo of bells.
This meant that these seemingly “heavenly” bodies weren’t heavenly at all, but points of the vast land surface of the universe, part of which was the earth’s surface. There was no need to develop rockets to explore space, wrote Giannini for “space” was an illusion created by the refraction of the lenses of our eyes, telescopes and cameras. All we needed to do to reach Mars or Venus was to climb into an airplane (or amphibious vehicle) with a very large tank of gas and fly (or drive) there. When Admiral Byrd flew beyond the poles he had proven Giannini correct – the earth did not end at the poles, but continued into “vast new lands.”
The story of Hollow Earth has not solely been tied to science fiction. I wanted to present some available information out there as it is a very intriguing subject. It’s worthy to note that UFOs are constantly seen coming out of the water(17) , maybe some of these objects are from advanced civilizations that live in the Earth’s interior? Until we actually penetrate inner Earth, hollow Earth remains a strong possibility.
The Earth’s crust is approximately 800 miles from the outer to the inner surface. Because our Earth is hollow, and not a solid sphere, the center of gravity is not in the center of the Earth, but in the center of its crust, which is 400 miles below the surface. The force of gravity in the Inner Earth is half that of the outer surface, which may be one explanation for the greater height of the people, plants and the trees; some of their Redwoods reach over a thousand feet in height.
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Sound familiar? Verlinde thinks so. Like Ptolemy’s epicycles and Le Verrier’s Vulcan, dark matter might be a desperate attempt to reconcile a failing theory with observation. Perhaps it’s time to start a new page? Verlinde did just that in late 2016. In the paper ‘Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe’, he gives new credence to an idea that originated in 1983 with the Israeli physicist Mordehai Milgrom: when gravity grows weak enough, the idea goes, its influence declines less with distance. With this modification alone, the Universe is no longer filled with invisible matter. Dark matter goes poof! Indeed, with parsimony on his side, Verlinde might ultimately wield Occam’s razor as his sword.  
In ancient times, the concept of a subterranean land inside the Earth appeared in mythology, folklore and legends. The idea of subterranean realms seemed arguable, and became intertwined with the concept of “places” of origin or afterlife, such as the Greek underworld, the Nordic Svartálfaheimr, the Christian Hell, and the Jewish Sheol (with details describing inner Earth in Kabalistic literature, such as the Zohar and Hesed L’Avraham). The idea of a subterranean realm is also mentioned in Tibetan Buddhist belief.[1][2] According to one story from Tibetan Buddhist tradition, there is an ancient city called Shamballa which is located inside the Earth.[2]
Contrary to popular belief, Giannini was not a believer in the Hollow Earth. Nor is his book, Worlds beyond the Poles, a Hollow Earth book. As Walter Kafton-Minkel reported in his excellent book on the history of the belief in a Hollow/Subterranean world Subterranean Worlds (1989):

https://www.hollowearthresearch.org/
https://www.hollowearthresearch.org/dans-book

The door slid silently downward and we were at once going upward. One of my hosts spoke again, ‘We must now make haste, Admiral, as the Master desires to delay you no longer on your scheduled timetable and you must return with his message to your race.’
Reed claims that the Poles cannot be discovered because the Earth is hollow at its Pole points, which exist in midair, due to the existence there of polar openings leading to its interior. When explorers thought they reached the Pole, they were misled by the eccentric behavior of the compass in high latitudes, north and south. Reed claims that this happened in the case of Peary and Cook, neither of whom really reached the North Pole, as we shall later see.
3/31/2018.  A hollow earth list member brought to my attention a report of a warm air intrusion into the Arctic this winter that brought the temperature above freezing and lasted for more than a week. 
The idea of a hollow Earth is a common element of fiction, appearing as early as Ludvig Holberg’s 1741 novel Nicolai Klimii iter subterraneum (Niels Klim’s Underground Travels), in which Nicolai Klim falls through a cave while spelunking and spends several years living on a smaller globe both within and the inside of the outer shell.
So I decided to apply Newtonian gravity to a hollow earth to see if it could contain the mass calculated to exist in the earth.  According to the Inner Earth Guide in ETIDORPHA, the earth has an earth shell thickness of 800 miles.  So one half the total volume of the earth is contained in its shell.  Since the Inner Sun is relatively small, and is most likely a hollow crystal itself, most of the earth’s mass would be located in the earth’s shell.  I have calculated that 99.99% of the earth’s mass is located in the earth’s shell.
Agnew, to prove this theory, since 2004, tried to organize a cruise to the North Pole with an ice pick . From this project, called North Pole Inner Earth Expedition ( NPIEE ), he also made ​​into a film, a documentary and promotional organization for future implementation of the trip.
Our ship, the Yamal, is a Russian nuclear icebreaker with a four-year range of fuel, and uses GPS (global positioning system) for navigation.  However, we plan to use our own navigation system for locating the polar opening.  Briefly this will consist of a 24 hour clock with hands and two gyroscopes that we can see the spinning wheels.  At 2.2 GMT (Greenwich Meridian Time) at Murmansk, Russia, the sun will be opposite the north pole from us when we board the ship.  At this time we will set a vertical gyroscope towards the sun.  This will give us the direction to travel to the north pole and also the direction towards Murmansk from which we can get our bearing to 129 E when we get to the pole.  At this same time we will set a second gyroscope at Murmansk horizontally inclined toward the sun 21 degrees down.  When we get to the pole, the horizontal gyroscope should be horizontal, as determined with a level.
Hot spots at Jupiter’s poles are a signature of its inner sun –The recent discovery of permanent emission of x-rays, radio signals, ultraviolet light, infrared radiation and high-energy electrons from Jupiter’s poles has scientists wondering where this torrent of particles originates. Actually, this radiation is the signature of a star. This is another evidence that planets are hollow bodies with polar openings through which radiation from their inner suns emanate radiation which causes their auroras to light up.

5 Replies to “hollow earth agharta |”

  1. Over the next few months, news of Thompson’s expedition spread. He began to receive emails from media companies keen to report the story and many more from both critics and admirers. The sprawling book he’d written, which included his theories about Hollow Earth, began to sell.
    Lunar crater Byrd is named after him, as was the United States Navy dry cargo ship USNS Richard E. Byrd (T-AKE-4) and the now decommissioned Charles F. Adams-class guided missile destroyer USS Richard E. Byrd (DDG-23).
    11.30 Hours – Countryside below is more level and normal (if I may use that word). Ahead we spot what seems to be a city!!!! This is impossible! Aircraft seems light and oddly buoyant. The controls refuse to respond!! My GOD!!! Off our port and starboard wings are a strange type of aircraft. They are closing rapidly alongside! They are disc-shaped and have a radiant quality to them.
    Ancient texts from India like the Ramayana describe the story of a great blue being, the Avatar Rama. The Ramayana depicts Rama as an emissary from “Agartha” that arrived on an air vehicle. The vehicles were commonly known as “Vimanas.”  The fact that both Buddhist and Hindu religions separately refer to inner Earth and its civilization is quite fascinating.
    10. We will establish that the lost Garden of Eden is actually located within Our Hollow Earth, and that our first parents arrived on the surface world through communicating caverns following their expulsion from the garden.

  2. If, the theory that all planetary bodies are hollow – with the exception of fragments from planetary bodies that broke up for some reason. The creation or evolution of the planets and their suns are the result of spinning masses of gases that cooled over eons of time and always spinning due to gravitational forces such as the centripetal force that keeps moving inward as shown by the example of a string attached to a heavy object that is spinning outward against that force or object that keeps that object from falling inward as a direct result of that very same spinning motion the end result over time would logically be a mass that is hollow to the extent where the relatively lightest mass would be at the circumference and the heaviest mass at or near the center leaving a space in between the two masses as you might expect in a hollow earth or any other planet for that matter.
    But what’s inside? Well, that’s where it gets a little (more) confusing because there’s some variety within the theories on what exactly is inside. However, Rodney, and many others, believe there’s a whole other civilisation – complete with giant animals, eight feet tall people, rivers, a sun and a multitude of exotic plants.
    I step inside and my eyes adjust to the beautiful coloration that seems to be filling the room completely. Then I begin to see my sur roundings. What greeted my eyes is the most beautiful sight of my entire existence. It is in fact too beautiful and wondrous to describe. It is exquisite and delicate. I do not think there exists a human term that can describe it in any detail with justice! My thoughts are interrupted in a cordial manner by a warm rich voice of melodious quality, ‘I bid you welcome to our domain, Admiral.’ I see a man with delicate features and with the etching of years upon his face. He is seated at a long table. He motions me to sit down in one of the chairs. After I am seated, he places his fingertips together and smiles. He speaks softly again, and conveys the following.
    These explorations were divulged on the radio at that time, having world-wide significance. Although millions of people heard the announcements and press releases, the U.S. Government decided to strictly censor the information and prevent its circulation. No additional details were given and the reports of Rear Admiral Byrd were forgotten—well, almost.
    Several twentieth-century German writers, including Peter Bender, Johannes Lang, Karl Neupert, and Fritz Braun, published works advocating the hollow Earth hypothesis, or Hohlweltlehre. It has even been reported, although apparently without historical documentation, that Adolf Hitler was influenced by concave hollow-Earth ideas and sent an expedition in an unsuccessful attempt to spy on the British fleet by aiming infrared cameras up into the sky (Wagner, 1999).
    Finally, there are now available some very important recent communications from the Inner Earth (c.2000-7) in two books by Dianne Robbins, firstly, “Messages from the Hollow Earth” from Mikos within the hollow Inner Earth realm on the inside of the Planet’s cavity, and secondly, “TELOS – A Subterranean City beneath Mt. Shasta” from Adama of the cavern city-civilisation of Telos within the Earth’s crust, situated several miles below Mt Shasta in California. (See the Link to these books at the end of this document).

  3. I sprang to my feet, and oh! joy unspeakable! There, far in the distance, yet directly in our path, were lands jutting boldly into the sea. The shore-line stretched far away to the right of us, as far as the eye could see, and all along the sandy beach were waves breaking into choppy foam, receding, then going forward again, ever chanting in monotonous thunder tones the song of the deep. The banks were covered with trees and vegetation.
    I left the Air Force due to their domineering ways by those who sought to act like control freaks, who were stagnating my ability to think and act in a creative manner. In accepting their Orders not to talk about such information, they take it for granted that one will automatically obey.
    De Camp and Ley have claimed (in their Lands Beyond) that Leonhard Euler also proposed a hollow-Earth idea, getting rid of multiple shells and postulating an interior sun 1,000 km (620 mi) across to provide light to advanced inner-Earth civilizations but they provide no references; indeed, Euler did not propose a hollow-Earth, but there is a slightly related thought experiment.[22]
    I remember that neither my father nor myself had tasted food for almost thirty hours. Perhaps this was because of the tension of excitement about our strange voyage in waters farther north, my Father said, than anyone had ever before been. Active mentality had dulled the demands of the physical needs.
    Fortunately our compass had been fastened with long screws to a crossbeam. Most of our provisions, however, were tumbled out and swept away from the deck of the cuddy, and had we not taken the precaution at the very beginning to tie ourselves firmly to the masts of the sloop, we should have been swept into the lashing sea.
    I step inside and my eyes adjust to the beautiful coloration that seems to be filling the room completely. Then I begin to see my sur roundings. What greeted my eyes is the most beautiful sight of my entire existence. It is in fact too beautiful and wondrous to describe. It is exquisite and delicate. I do not think there exists a human term that can describe it in any detail with justice! My thoughts are interrupted in a cordial manner by a warm rich voice of melodious quality, ‘I bid you welcome to our domain, Admiral.’ I see a man with delicate features and with the etching of years upon his face. He is seated at a long table. He motions me to sit down in one of the chairs. After I am seated, he places his fingertips together and smiles. He speaks softly again, and conveys the following.
    When I came to the Pentagon they gave me the field commission as First Lieutenant. After 3 weeks of being there they handed me my full Colonel rank, saying “you have to be a full Colonel to be stationed at this next facility”. There were 150,000 personnel in this facility, approx. 85% military personnel and 15% civilian. Following my arrival I was taken underground and did not see the light of day for 11.5 years.
    9. We will establish and expect to verify that the political Kingdom of God already exists within the earth, and will merge with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints when the Lost Tribes emerge to expand that Kingdom to outer earth in the near future.
    Since 1926, there have been doubts raised, defenses made, and heated controversy over whether or not Byrd actually reached the North Pole. In 1958, Norwegian-American aviator and explorer Bernt Balchen cast doubt on Byrd’s claim on the basis of his knowledge of the airplane’s speed.[14] Balchen claimed that Bennett had confessed to him months after the flight that he and Byrd had not reached the pole.[2][15] Bennett died on April 25, 1928, during a flight to rescue downed aviators in Greenland. However, Bennett had started a memoir, given numerous interviews, and wrote an article for an aviation magazine about the flight before his death that all confirmed Byrd’s version of the flight.[11]

  4. In the book he said that the people live from 400 to 800 years and are highly advanced in science. They can transmit their thoughts from one to another by certain types of radiations and have sources of power greater than our electricity. They are the creators of flying saucers, which are operated by this superior power, drawn from the electromagnetism of the atmosphere. They are twelve or more feet in stature.
    First and foremost, we are all trustworthy and responsible workers. We cherish the Earth, and all our food production is carried on in honor and respect for the Earth’s resources. We don’t use paper or plastics, nor do we wrap our food in any way. Our food is produced and then delivered directly to our distribution centers. This way, all that we use can be immediately replaced. It is all computerized through a master food computer that keeps all of our dietary requirements in mind. Of course, it is all guided and directed by our people who take turns in shifts in different areas of “household” work.
    The city of “Eden” is located in what seems to be a beautiful valley, yet, in fact, it is on the loftiest mountain plateau of the Inner Continent, several thousand feet higher than any portion of the surrounding country. It is the most beautiful place I have ever beheld in all my travels. In this elevated garden all manner of fruits, vines, shrubs, trees, and flowers grow in riotous profusion.
    On Thursday, on April 22, 2004, I was interviewed on the TV cable program, Unscrewed by http://www.techTV.com.  They were kind enough to give me some air time to announce our expedition cruise and invite any interested voyagers on what we believe will be the greatest expedition of all time, where, we, the people, are actually going ourselves to check out the hollow earth theory, to see if we can find the North Polar Opening, and attempt to enter therein, that is, of course, with the permission of the inner earth inhabitants, whom we believe are most likely the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel, and very possibly also, the Lost Viking Colonists of Greenland, some German refugees from World War II, and some Hopi Indians.
    And now, I and my entourage have been awaiting you on the doorstep to the Library of Porthologos, where the white alabaster steps twinkle with the sparks of embedded crystals and diamonds, leading into the great halls of our Library located inside the Earth’s vast interior.
    My estimate is that the north polar opening covers 840 miles from crest to crest from where it begins to dip into the earth.  We can detect the opening if we come within 400 miles of it using the horizontal gyroscope.  So there is an area of 840 miles from crest to crest within which we can detect the polar opening.  At the pole, the horizontal gyroscope will be horizontal as verified by a level.  As we enter the polar opening, the horizontal gyroscope will gradually turn vertical.  If we do not enter directly into the opening, but within 400 miles of it, we will detect the location of the aperture with the horizontal gyroscope.
    I well remember that we left Stockholm in our fishing-sloop on the third day of April, 1829, and sailed to the southward, leaving Gothland Island to the left and Oeland Island to the right. A few days later we succeeded in doubling Sandhommar Point, and made our way through the sound which separates Denmark from the Scandinavian coast. In due time we put in at the town of Christiansand, where we rested two days, and then started around the Scandinavian coast to the westward, bound for the Lofoden Islands.
    he giants gave them some big and delicious fishes, and its meat didn’t rot until two or three months after being fished. With this precious cargo, apples bigger than a human head and grapes fist-sized, besides a lot of body energy, they came back accompanied by some giants who helped them to carry the enormous weight they carried back.
    Cluff, for his part, tried to reach the Hollow Earth again. In 2003, he received an email from a man named Steve Currey who’d recently inherited his family’s travel firm that specialised in far-flung expeditions. Currey had once heard his father talking about the Hollow Earth and was familiar with Cluff’s book. They decided to plan a new trip.

  5. Many animal species already extinct on the surface, like mammoths and saber tooth tigers, live in the inner Earth. Everything is better, cleaner and especially bigger! There are “Avatar” like trees, hundreds of yards tall. Grapes grow as big as plums and are more flavorful than we know them on the surface. Especially the hydroponic tomato is reportedly a sensation.
    The winds were constantly blowing south, that is, they were blowing from the northern opening of the Earth toward that which we knew to be south, but which, according to our compass’s pointing finger, was directly north.
    In 1913, and again in 1920, Marshall B. Gardner, wrote a book, A Journey to the Earth’s Interior, Or Have the Poles Really Been Discovered.  His book was very well researched.  He sent it to the United States government and challenged them to check out the hollow earth theory.  Most likely, the government DID take Gardner up on his challenge, and sent Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd to check the theory out.
    The mass of the planet also indicates that the hollow Earth hypothesis is unfeasible. Should the Earth be largely hollow, its mass would be much lower and thus its gravity on the outer surface would be much lower than it currently is.
    The first mention of a 1947 North Polar flight by the Admiral can be found in the book Worlds beyond the Poles: Physical Continuity of the Universe (1959) by a controversial self-proclaimed scientist, F. Amadeo Giannini. On page 13 of his book under the heading “The Changing Scene 1927-1947” he presents a list of things that happened during those years to support his theory. One of the entries is:
    This meant that these seemingly “heavenly” bodies weren’t heavenly at all, but points of the vast land surface of the universe, part of which was the earth’s surface. There was no need to develop rockets to explore space, wrote Giannini for “space” was an illusion created by the refraction of the lenses of our eyes, telescopes and cameras. All we needed to do to reach Mars or Venus was to climb into an airplane (or amphibious vehicle) with a very large tank of gas and fly (or drive) there. When Admiral Byrd flew beyond the poles he had proven Giannini correct – the earth did not end at the poles, but continued into “vast new lands.”
    Please note that I am not just referring to the common imaginative kooks who obviously have something loose rattling around in their brains; but I am referring to serious study groups which are organized and staffed by
    Admiral Richard E. Byrd kept a log of his expeditions throughout his life, documenting explorations of Antarctica and the North Pole. These diaries were published, or at least made available to the public. 
    The great redwood trees of California would be considered mere underbrush compared with the giant forest trees extending for miles and miles in all directions. In many directions along the foothills of the mountains vast herds of cattle were seen during the last day of our travel on the river.
    As Russell’s teapot shows, unfalsifiable claims or models cannot be taken seriously. They are not science. Otherwise, anything goes – teapots, inside-out Earths, you name it. Russell’s conclusion is mirrored by ‘Hitchens’s razor’, an adage of the late writer Christopher Hitchens: ‘What can be asserted without evidence can be dismissed without evidence.’ Hitchens’s razor, of course, belongs in the same toolkit as Occam’s razor, the contention that the simplest, most parsimonious model is a criterion for deciding truth, and the blade that slashes away at Teed. Simpler models are easier to falsify, and thus more amicable to science. A simple model requires fewer data to falsify it, while a complicated model requires more.
    I never ceased to assert my sanity, and to protest against the injustice of my confinement. Finally, on the seventeenth of October, 1862, I was released. My Uncle was dead, and the friends of my youth were now strangers. Indeed, a man over fifty years old, whose only known record is that of a madman, has no friends.

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